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Manage SSL Certificates

 

1. Overview

SSL certificates can be created, discovered, and stored in the centralized repository of Key Manager Plus, and requests can be raised for new certificates or domain addition to an existing certificate. Moreover, you are notified when a certificate is about to expire to help you with their timely renewal.

Use Key Manager Plus to:

  1. Create, discover, or import self-signed or CA issued certificates in the network.
  2. Generate Certificate Signing Request (CSR).
  3. Add requests for new certificates or adding a sub domain to an existing certificate.
  4. Receive notifications when certificates are about to expire.

Self-signed certificates and CSRs can be generated using RSA / DSA / EC key algorithms and SHA signature algorithm as per the details below:

 

2. Discover Certificates in your Network

You can automatically discover all the certificates available in your network using Key Manager Plus, irrespective of the CA. You can discover the certificates anytime as needed or periodically based on scheduled tasks. The discovery options are quite flexible - you can discover certificates from a single server or multiple servers, and from multiple ports, at one go.

2.1 Discover SSL Certificates On Demand

To discover the certificates manually:

  1. Go to the Discovery tab in the GUI.
  2. Click the SSL tab.
  3. Select an option for the type of discovery.
    1. Hostname/IP address – Enter the name or IP address of the server from which the SSL certificates are to be discovered.
    2. IP address range – Specify an IP range and discover all the SSL certificates available in the servers falling under the range.
    3. From file – If you have a list of the servers in which certificates are available in your network saved as a text file, it can be loaded directly and all these certificates can be discovered.
    4. Subnet – You can also choose to discover resources from specific subnetworks within an IP range using this option.

Note: The file to be imported must be a text file containing the hostname or IP addresses of individual servers, entered on separate lines. Enter the ports to scan on each server separated by a space, entered on separate lines as illustrated below:

0.0.0.0 6565
test-username-10 443
192.168.20.20 7272

 

If you do not specify any port, SSL certificates using the default port 443 will be discovered.

  1. For bulk discovery using IP address range and Subnet options, there is an Exclude IP Address field that allows you to exclude specific resources from being discovered. Specify the IP addresses of the resources that need to be excluded one below another.
  2. Specify values for the Time out and the Port options.
    1. Time out: Refers to the number of seconds the application tries to discover the certificates (each). The default value is 5 seconds.
    2. Port: It refers to the port on the end terminal used for SSH communication. Port 443 is used by default for SSL certificates.

    Note:

    1. You can specify multiple ports for the discovery of SSL certificates in a single discovery instance, separated by commas.
    2. During SSL discovery or when manually adding certificates to Key Manager Plus repository, you can choose to exclude specific certificates by providing their details (common name and serial number) in the Settings → SSL → Excluded Certificates tab.

Click the Discover button.When you click the Discover button, you will be redirected to the Discovery Status page where the status of the current discovery instance is updated.

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2.2 Discover SSL Certificates Automatically through Schedules

SSL Certificate discovery can also be scheduled to occur at periodic intervals.

  1. Click the Schedule tab in the GUI.
  2. Click the Add Schedule button.
  3. In the Add Schedule window, enter a Name for the schedule and select the Schedule Type as SSL Discovery.
  4. Specify the Start and End IP addresses and the Port on the end terminal to check for SSL certificates.
  5. Select the Recurrence Type – hourly, daily, weekly, monthly, or once only. Set the Starting Time, Date or Day corresponding to the option chosen.
  6. Enter the email addresses of the users to be notified. The email settings can be configured from the Settings → Mail Server Settings tab.
  7. Click the Save button.

You will get a message confirming addition of a new schedule.

The result of the schedule execution will get updated in the Schedule audit and the Discovery audit tabs.

2.3 Discover Certificates Mapped to User Accounts in Active Directory

Key Manager Plus helps you discover and manage the certificates mapped to user accounts in Active Directory.

To perform AD user certificate discovery,

  1. Navigate to Discovery → AD User Certificate.
  2. Select the required Domain Name, which forms part of the AD from the drop-down.
  3. Specify the DNS name of the domain controller. This domain controller will be the Primary Domain Controller.
  4. In case, the Primary Domain Controller is down, Secondary Domain Controllers can be used. If you have Secondary Domain Controllers, specify their DNS names in comma separated form. One of the available secondary domain controllers will be used. When you use SSL mode, make sure the DNS name specified here matches the CN (common name) specified in the SSL certificate for the domain controller.
  5. Enter a valid user credential (User Name and Password) of an user account within the particular domain. Then enter the users / user groups / OUs in which you want to perform the certificate discovery and click Import. To perform certificate discovery for groups/OUs as a whole, choose Groups/OU tree import type and select the required groups from the drop down list.
  6. Key Manager Plus also provides an option to import AD users while performing the certificate discovery. Enable the check box Import AD users to import those AD user accounts into Key Manager Plus for which the certificate discovery is done.
  7. The discovered certificates automatically get added to the certificate repository of Key Manager Plus.

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2.4 Manage Certificates from MS Certificate Store and Local CA

Key Manager Plus helps you request, acquire, discover, consolidate, track and manage certificates from MS Certificate Store and those issued by Local certificate authority. To begin managing certificates from Microsoft Certificate Store and Local Certificate Authority, start Key Manager Plus service using your domain administrator account. If you use a domain service account to run Key Manager Plus, make sure you have configured the account in your local admin group beforehand.

To import certificates from Microsoft Certificate Store and certificates issued by Local CA,

  1. Navigate to Discovery → MS Certificate Store.
  2. To discover and import certificates issued by Microsoft CA alone, select Local Certificate Authority option from the drop down. You have options to filter the discovery - for instance, you can choose to exclude expired/revoked certificates and discover certificates based on issue date or certificate template.
  3. To discover all the certificates from MS certificates store, choose Certificate Store.
  4. Specify the other details such as the Name of the Windows domain controller machine and domain admin credentials.
  5. Specify the certificate Store Name from which the certificates are to be discovered and imported.
    1. i.e., Following format to be used while specifying the certificate store name:\\server_name\store_name
    2. e.g., server_name\Root (To discover certificates from trusted root certification authorities)
    3. e.g., server_name\My (To discover personal certificates)
  6. Or you can also click Get Stores to fetch the list of stores available in the Windows Domain Controller and choose the required certificate store that you want to discover.
  7. Click Discover.
  8. You can view the discovered certificates in SSL → Certificates Tab.

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2.5 Discover Certificates from SMTP Servers

You can discover SSL certificates used by mail servers present in your network and consolidate them in Key Manager Plus' centralized certificate repository. To perform mail server certificate discovery,

  1. Navigate to Discovery → Mail Server Certificate.
  2. Provide the Host Name or IP Address from which the certificate is to be discovered and specify the Port number. You can specify multiple port values by separating them with commas.
  3. Click Discover.

On successful discovery, the certificates are fetched from the specified resources and added to Key Manager Plus' repository.

2.6 Discover SSL Certificates Deployed to Load Balancers

Key Manager Plus also allows you to discover SSL certificates deployed to load balancers within your network and consolidate them in its secure, centralized repository. Key Manager Plus currently supports certificate discovery from Linux based load balancers only (i.e., Nginx, F5 etc.,) and the process is tunnelled via SSH. To perform load balancer certificate discovery,

  1. Navigate to Discovery → Load Balancer.
  2. Specify the Server Name, Port number, User Name and Password.
  3. You can opt for a key based authentication for password-less resources by choosing the Select Key option. Upload the private key associated with the required user account and specify the key passphrase.
  4. Once you have provided the user credentials, specify the Path in the server from which certificates have to be discovered.
  5. The Discover certificate list option fetches all the certificates available in the specified path and helps you choose certificates that you wish to discover and import.
  6. After choosing the list, click Discover.
  7. The certificates are successfully discovered and imported into Key Manager Plus' centralized certificate repository. You can view them from the SSL → Certificates tab.
  8. Certificate files with extensions .keystore and .pfx require their passphrases to be provided in order to be imported into Key Manager Plus.
  9. These types of certificate files are not automatically imported into the certificate repository but are grouped separately under JKS / PKCS section (present in the top-right corner of the window).
  10. To import these certificates, click JKS / PKCS, and in the window that opens, choose the certificate file(s) that you wish to import and click Import from the top menu. In the pop up that opens, provide the file passphrase(s) and click Import.

The chosen certificate files are successfully imported and added to Key Manager Plus' certificate repository.

2.7 Discover SSL Certificates using KMP Agents

Key Manager Plus provides IT administrators the option to discover SSL certificates deployed across their network through agents. This functionality enables them to download and deploy Key Manager Plus agents to target systems, discover, and import certificates from those systems into a centralized certificate repository directly from the Key Manager Plus web interface. The connection between the Key Manager Plus server and the server(s) in which the agent is deployed is over HTTPS and is completely secure. Currently, Key Manager Plus agents are available only for Windows servers.

Performing certificate discovery through agents is helpful in the following scenarios:

2.8 Downloading the Key Manager Plus Agent

The agent used to perform certificate management operations on remote machines is dynamically created by the Key Manager Plus server. To download Key Manager Plus agent,

  1. Navigate to Discovery → Agents → Download Windows Agent.
  2. From the pop up that opens, download the agent based on your server configuration. Also, copy and save the Install Key in a secure location.

agent-based-discovery-1


 

2.8.1 Agent Installation

Once you have downloaded the agent from Key Manager Plus' web interface, follow the instructions below to install it in the target servers. The downloaded package already contains the necessary configurations needed to perform the required operations. Just make sure the account in the server in which the agent is installed has sufficient privileges to perform certificate discovery.

To install Key Manager Plus agent as a Windows service,

  1. Move the zip file downloaded from Key Manager Plus server to the target server.
  2. Unzip its contents and place the file in an unshared folder.
  3. Then, open the command prompt, navigate to the agent installation directory and type the following command: AgentInstaller.exe install <Install Key> by supplying the Install Key stored in the secure location.
  4. The Install Key is revoked after being used for a single installation. If you want to perform another installation of the agent, you need to regenerate the Install Key from the Key Manager Plus server and supply it in the agent server.

To start the agent as a Windows service,

  1. Open the command prompt and navigate to the Key Manager Plus agent installation directory.
  2. Then execute the following command: AgentInstaller.exe start
  3. On successful installation, you can find the Key Manager Plus agent running as a service in the target server.

To stop the agent,

  1. Open the command prompt and navigate to the Key Manager Plus agent installation directory.
  2. Then execute the following command: AgentInstaller.exe stop

To perform SSL certificate discovery through Key Manager Plus agent,

  1. Navigate to Discovery → Agent.
  2. Choose the type of discovery you want to perform—domain based, Certificate Store or certificates issued by Microsoft Certificate Authority.
  3. Select the required agent from the drop down to perform the operation.
  4. If the agent is busy, wait and try again after sometime.
  5. For Microsoft CA discovery, you can choose to exclude expired / revoked certificates or perform discovery based on issue date or certificate template using the filters provided.
  6. Click Discover

The certificates are discovered from the servers in which the agent is installed and imported into Key Manager Plus' certificate repository.

2.8.2 Managing Agents

Key Manager Plus provides administrators insights about agent activity and allows management of agents installed on various target resources.

To manage Key Manager Plus agents,

  1. Navigate to Discovery → Agent and click Manage.
  2. In the window that opens, you will be able to see a list of Key Manager Plus agents installed on remote resources along with insights such as IP address, User Name, Installed Time, HeartBeat Interval, Last HeartBeat, and last Operation performed.
  3. If you want to delete an agent, you can do so by choosing the agent and clicking Delete from the top menu.

2.9 Discover SSL Certificates Hosted on AWS (ACM & IAM)

Key Manager Plus enables you to discover, import, and configure expiry notifications for SSL certificates hosted in the following Amazon Web Services: AWS Certificate Manager (ACM) and AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM).

Follow the steps below to discover and import SSL certificates from ACM / IAM into Key Manager Plus.

Step 1: Configure AWS credentials in Key Manager Plus

To add your AWS credentials in Key Manager Plus,

  1. Navigate to Discovery → AWS → Manage AWS Credential and click Add.
  2. In the Create AWS Credentials window that opens, provide the Credential Name, Access Key and Secret Key.
  3. Use the Test Login option and check if the login is successful. You will be notified if the login is successful
  4. Then click Save. The credentials are successfully saved in Key Manager Plus.

Step 2: Discovery and Import

  1. Switch to Discovery → AWS tab.
  2. Choose the appropriate AWS Credentials from among the ones configured in Key Manager Plus or provide your Access Key and Secret Key.
  3. Choose the required AWS Service from which certificates need to be imported: ACM or IAM.
  4. To import certificates from ACM, select ACM under AWS service and choose the service Region.
  5. Click Discover.
  6. Certificates are discovered from resources in the selected region and imported into Key Manager Plus.
  7. To import certificates from IAM, specify the required AWS User Name(s) or use the List AWSUser Names option to retrieve the usernames. Choose the required usernames and click Discover.
  8. You can also choose to import server certificates for the corresponding AWS users by checking the Include Server Certificate option.

User certificates are imported into Key Manager Plus.

2.10 The Centralized Certificate Repository

All the discovered SSL certificates, those that are discovered manually as well as those discovered through scheduled discovery operations are automatically added to the centralized repository of Key Manager Plus. You can view these certificates from the SSL → Certificates tab in the user interface.

2.11 Export Private Key / Keystore File

Key Manager Plus allows you to identify and export the private keys / keystore files of SSL certificates stored in the certificate repository, provided you're managing their private keys / keystore files using Key Manager Plus. You can see the Keystore icon ( keystore ) enabled beside the certificates for which the private keys are managed using Key Manager Plus.

To export the private key / keystore file,

  1. Navigate to SSL → Certificates.
  2. Click the Keystore icon ( keystore ) beside the certificate for which you need to export the private key.
  3. From the dropdown, choose Keystore / PFX or Private key as per your requirement.
  4. The Keystore file / Private Key of the corresponding certificate is downloaded.

2.12 Track and Manage Various Certificate Versions

Sometimes, there occurs situations where you have to use different certificates on different end-servers for the same domain. Under such circumstances, it is necessary for you to track the usage and expiry of all these certificates individually even though they represent a common domain. Monitoring various such certificate versions manually is daunting and error-prone. Key Manager Plus helps you simultaneously track and manage the usage and expiry of various certificate versions from a single window.

To track certificate versions,

  1. Navigate to SSL → Certificates.
  2. Click the Certificate History icon (cert-history-icon) present in the right corner of the table view, corresponding to the required certificate.
  3. In the certificate history window that opens, choose the certificate version you wish to manage and click the Certificate Settings icon. Click Manage certificate.
  4. The particular certificate version is set for managing and Key Manager Plus starts tracking the usage and expiry individually for that version. 
  5. Repeat the same procedure for all the certificate versions that you wish to manage.

Track-and-manage

2.13 Update Servers with Latest Certificate Versions

In case of wildcard certificates or single SSL certificate deployed to multiple servers, it is necessary to keep track of servers in which the certificate is deployed and also check if the latest certificate version is in use. Key Manager Plus helps you ensure this.

  1. Navigate to SSL → Certificates.
  2. Click the Certificate History icon ( cert-history-icon ) corresponding to the required certificate
  3. A window opens listing the various versions of the certificate. Ensure that the latest version of the certificate is set as the main certificate. If not, click the ( ) icon beside the required version to set that version of certificate as main certificate in the Key Manager Plus repository.
  4. Then again, navigate to SSL → Certificates tab and click multiple servers icon ( multiple-server ) corresponding to the required certificate.
  5. A window opens listing the servers in which the certificate is deployed along with other information such as IP address, port and certificate validity.
  6. If any of the servers listed has an older / expired version of the certificate, update it with the latest version immediately. Select the server and then click Deploy. Refer to the detailed deployment procedure here.

multiple-servers

Also, you can edit details pertaining to a particular certificate or delete irrelevant certificates by selecting the certificate and clicking the More dropdown.

 

3. Create Self-signed certificates

Key Manager Plus allows administrators to create their own self-signed certificates using Java keytool. These certificates are automatically imported into the Key Manager Plus repository on successful creation.

To create a self-signed certificate using Key manager plus:

  1. Navigate to the SSL → Certificate tab in the GUI.
  2. Click the Create button.
  3. Enter the details of the organization and certificate validity, and select the Key Algorithm and Length, Signature Algorithm, and enter a key Store Password in the Create certificate tab.
  4. Choose the Validity Type as Days and specify the number of days for which the certificate will be valid.
  5. To create an ephemeral certificate with limited validity period, choose the Validity Type as Hours or Minutes and provide the validity period. The certificate will expire after the specified time (this option is applicable from build 5850 onwards).
  6. Click the Create button. You will be redirected to the certificate window where the certificate content is displayed.
  7. You can copy the certificate content, or export the certificate to required email or system.
    1. Email – Select this check box to send the certificate file via email to the specified mail id.
    2. Export – Select this check box to export the file to your system.
  8. Both the options take effect once you click the Save button.
  9. You can denominate the certificate to be generated as a root certificate by enabling the Generate root certificate check-box. 
  10. Click the Save button to save the certificate in the Key Manager Plus repository, and export the certificate file, if opted in earlier step.

ssl-create-certificate

 

4. Generate CSRs 

The following steps explain in detail on how to generate a CSR using java key tool from Key Manager Plus:

  1. Navigate to SSL >> CSR. You will see all the available CSRs in a list view along with their details such as Domain Name, Created By, Created Time, Key Size, Key Algorithm, etc. 
  2. Click Create to generate a new CSR. In the form displayed, do the following:
    1. Choose between Create CSR manually or Create CSR from Keystore.You can also choose from a CSR template. Click the Manage CSR Templates link and choose one. 
    2. If you choose to Create CSR from Keystore:
      1. Select the Keystore file by clicking Browse.
      2. Enter the Private Key Password and click Create.
    3. If you choose to Create CSR manually:
      1. Specify the required details such as Common Name, SAN, Organization Unit, Organization, Location, and State.
      2. Select the Key Algorithm, Key Size, Signature Algorithm, and Keystore Type.
      3. Choose a Validity Type (Days, Hours or Minutes) and mention the Validity.
      4. Enter the Store Password.
      5. Select the Sign Type and enter the required details.
      6. You can also sign your CSR later by not choosing the Sign Type now. To know more about signing the CSR later, click here.
      7. Click Create. You will be redirected to a CSR window where the CSR content is displayed.

You have successfully created a CSR and it has been added to the list view. 

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4.1 Managing CSRs

  1. Show Passphrase: The show passphrase icon corresponding to every CSR allows administrators to view the keystore passwords of respective CSR files.
  2. Export: You can export and mail the CSR to a specified mail id by using the icons in the CSR displayed in the list view.
  3. Import: If you choose to import a CSR, click Import.A pop-up appears.
    1. Browse and Select a CSR file and Select a Key file.
    2. Enter the Private Key Password and click Import.
    3. Your CSR has been successfully imported and can be viewed in the list view.
    4. Key manager Plus automatically pins the certificate file with its corresponding private key and adds it to its centralized repository.
  4. Delete: To Delete a CSR, select the CSR you wish to delete and click Delete.
    1. In the pop-up that appears, click Ok.
    2. You have successfully deleted the selected CSR.
  5. CSR Template: Click CSR Template to add, delete or manage the templates. These templates after generated can be used while generating CSR’s.

Besides generating CSRs from Key Manager Plus, you can also upload CSRs generated from outside the application and track their statuses from Key Manager Plus using the Import option in the top menu.

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5. Certificate Signing

Key Manager Plus provides the option to sign and issue certificates to all clients in your network either from your Microsoft Certificate Authority or using a custom root CA certificate that is trusted within your environment.

To request and acquire certificates from Local CA from Key Manager Plus, you have to initially generate a CSR, then get it signed from the local certificate authority using the steps mentioned below.

There are three ways to sign your certificates:

  1. MS Certificate Authority
  2. MS CA with agent
  3. Sign with Root

Navigate to SSL >> CSR.

5.1 Microsoft Certificate Authority

  1. Select the required CSR and click Sign from the top menu.
  2. Select the Sign Type as Microsoft Certificate Authority.
  3. Mention the Server Name that runs the internal CA and also the Certificate Authority name.
  4. Select the Certificate Template based on your requirement or select any of the pre-defined templates by clicking the Get Template link and click Sign.

The CSR is signed and the issued certificate can be viewed from SSL >> Certificates.

manage-ssl-certificate-signing

Notes: 

  1. Start Key Manager Plus using your domain administrator account to begin management of certificates from Microsoft Certificate Store and those issued by your Local CA. If you use a domain service account to run Key Manager Plus, make sure that you have configured it in your local admin group beforehand.
  2. During MS Certificate Store discovery, Get Stores option will list all stores available in the local host if the Server Name field is left empty.
  3. For MS CA auto-renewal to take effect, the certificate(s) need to be of type Microsoft CA. For manually added certificates, the certificate type needs to be changed to Microsoft CA using Edit option from More top menu.

5.2 Microsoft CA with Agent

  1. Select the required CSR from the list view and click Sign from the top menu.
  2. In the pop-up that appears,
    1. Select the Sign Type as Microsoft CA with Agent.
    2. Select theAgent from the list available in the drop-down. You can also Manage the agent by clicking the link. To know more about managing the agent, click here.
    3. Specify the Certificate Template or click Get Template to get new templates. 
    4. Click Sign.

The CSR is signed and the issued certificate can be viewed from SSL >> Certificates.

5.3 Sign with Root

Key Manager Plus provides the option to sign and issue certificates to all clients in your network either from your Microsoft Certificate Authority or using a custom root CA certificate that is trusted within your environment. To Sign certificates with custom root CA follow the below steps:

  1. Create a custom root CA
  2. Sign certificates with the custom root CA
  3. Deploy the signed certificates to target systems

5.3.1 Create a Custom Root CA

To sign locally generated certificate requests with the root CA certificate, you have to initially create a custom root CA.

  1. Navigate to SSL >> Certificates tab.
  2. Select a certificate from the list view and click More >> Mark as Root.

The chosen certificate is successfully denominated as a root CA certificate and is listed under the Root Certificate tab. You can then use this certificate to sign locally generated certificate requests.

Note: You can also generate new root CA certificates from Key Manager Plus by enabling Generate root certificate check-box while creating a certificate from SSL → Certificates → Create option.

5.3.2 Sign Certificates with the Custom Root CA

To sign certificates with the custom root CA, generate a certificate signing request (CSR) and then sign it using the root certificate.

  1. Select the required CSR and click Sign from the top menu.
  2. Select the Sign Type as Sign with Root.
  3. Select the Root Certificate and mention the Validity in days and click Sign.

The CSR is signed and the issued certificate can be viewed from SSL >> Certificates.

Also, you can use the root CA certificate to simultaneously generate and sign certificates to user groups in bulk directly from Key Manager Plus.

  1. Navigate to SSL and click Root Certificate on top-right corner of the window.
  2. Select the required root CA certificate and click Sign. In the pop-up that opens, choose the Sign Type, User / User Groups to which certificates have to be created and deployed, mention the SAN and Validity (in days).
  3. The sign type User Management allows you to generate and sign certificates for user accounts in Key Manager Plus.
    1. Select the User account for which you need to generate a certificate.
    2. By default, the user certificates inherit the same parameters as that of the root certificate. You can change it by unselecting the Use root certificate details option.
    3. After filling in the details, click Sign.

The certificate is signed and you can find listed in Key Manager Plus' certificate repository.

The sign type Active Directory Users allows you to generate and sign certificates to user accounts mapped to the Active Directory within your network environment.

  1. Select the Domain Name and provide the primary domain controller Address,User Name and Password.
  2. Choose import type Single and specify the user groups or use Groups/OU tree import type to choose the users or user groups for which certificates need to be created. 
  3. After selecting the users, enter the certificate Validity in days. By default, the user certificates inherit the same parameters as that of the root certificate. You can change it by unselecting the Use root certificate details option.
  4. After filling in the details click Sign.

This will generate certificates for the selected users which will be listed in Key Manager Plus' certificate repository.

5.3.3 Deploy the Signed Certificate to Target Systems

After signing the certificate requests and obtaining the certificate, you have to deploy them to the necessary end-servers. Refer to this section of help for step-by-step explanation on certificate deployment.

Note: When signing certificates with custom root CA for web-applications, make sure all the browsers in your network are configured to trust the root CA certificate in order to avoid security error messages.

 

5.4 Auto Renewal

Certificates issued by Local CA can be renewed automatically from Key Manager Plus. 

To enable auto-renewal of Local CA certificates,

  1. Navigate to Settings >> SSL >> Certificate Renewal.
  2. Enable MS Certificate Authority or Self Signed and specify the Recurrence Time. Certificates that have already expired and certificates due to expiry in 10 days or less are automatically renewed and updated in the certificate repository.
  3. MS Certificate Authority with Agent cannot be auto renewed.

6. Import Certificates

To import the certificates in your network:

  1. Navigate to the SSL → Certificates tab and click the Add button.
  2. Click the appropriate radio button in the Add certificate window.
    1. File Based – Browse and import the required certificate file directly from your system.
    2. Certificate content based – Copy the content of the required certificate file and paste it in the text box.
    3. KeyStore based – Import all individual certificates available in a keystore simultaneously. Upload the required Keystore file and enter its corresponding password (if any).
  3. Click Add.
 

7. Delete Certificates

You can delete the certificates that are currently not in use. To delete a certificate from Key Manager Plus repository:

  1. Navigate to the SSL → Certificate tab.
  2. Select the certificates to be deleted and click the Delete button.
 

8. Certificate Requests

The certificate request workflow is as follows:

  1. Add certificate request
  2. Close certificate request

8.1 Add Certificate Request

To add requests for new certificates or addition of sub-domains to existing certificates, in Key Manager Plus:

  1. Navigate to the SSL → Certificate request tab and click the Add Request button.
  2. Select the type of request – Certificate or domain addition.
    1. New Certificate – Attach a CSR to your request (optional) and a domain name for the new certificate.
    2. Add domain – Enter the name of the new domain and select a parent domain from the certificates added to the Key Manager Plus repository.
  3. Enter the Email-Idto which you would like to send the request and specify the certificate validity period. These mail addresses can be that of an administrator, an intermediary who handles certificate requests, or even your help desk software to raise the certificate request as a ticket.
    1. For eg., admin@keymanagerplus.com, help-desk@manageengine.com.
  4. Select Additional fields to add additional information such as device name and IP address
  5. Click Add Request to add it to the list of request in the Certificate Request tab and to send the same to the specified email addresses.

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8.2 Certificate Request Status

A certificate request is in either of the following statuses.

  1. Open
  2. Closed

When a certificate request is raised, it is automatically elevated to the Open State. The request details can be viewed from the SSL → Certificate request tab, on clicking the domain name of the request.

8.3 Close Certificate Request

To terminate the certificate request life-cycle:

  1. Navigate to the SSL → Certificate Request tab in the GUI.
  2. Click the Open status link in the right corner of the table against the required open request process.
  3. In the Close Request window, add an optional Annotation, and attach the Certificate issued (optional), specify the Email-ids of users to whom the certificate is to be sent and click the Save & Close button. Once you click the button, the request is automatically moved to the Closed state.
  4. If a SSL certificate is attached while closing the request, the certificate is automatically imported to the Key Manager Plus repository.
  5. Also, the issued certificate is e-mailed to the user who raises the request, the user who closes the request and also to those e-mail ids specified at the time of closing the request.

 

9. Control Expiry Notification Schedule

You can customize the periodicity of notifications you receive when a certificate is about to expire. To customize the notifications:

  1. Navigate to Settings → Notifications tab in the GUI.
  2. Select the Certificates expire after checkbox and the number of days before the expiry of certificate within which you should start receiving notifications.
  3. Select the Email or Syslog checkbox and enter appropriate details.
  4. Click the Save button.

Note: You will receive notifications every day after the selected date before the expiry of a certificate. For instance, if a certificate is about to expire in the last week of a month, and you select the Notify if SSL certificates are expiring within 7 days option, then, you will receive a notification that your certificate is about to expire every day of the week before the expiry of the certificate.

10. Track Domain Expiration through WHOIS Lookup

Apart from tracking certificate expiration, Key Manager Plus also helps administrators keep a tab on their expiring domain names through an automated WHOIS look up. The domain expiration details fetched through the lookup are displayed in SSL → Certificates tab against its corresponding SSL certificate. Also, administrators can choose to receive timely email notifications of their expiring domains by configuring it in Settings → Notification tab.

How does the WHOIS lookup work?

Fetching domain expiration details requires a two-stage lookup to WHOIS servers from Key Manager Plus. The first lookup provides the details of the WHOIS server with which the domain was registered by its domain registrar. The second lookup provides information about the domain such as owner details, expiration date etc., All these operations are automated the from Key Manager Plus' interface.

Note: Connection to WHOIS servers requires the use of Port 43. Ensure that port 43 is open in your environment, else the connection would fail and Domain Expiration will be marked Not Available (NA) in the Certificates tab.

11. SSL Certificate Group

Key Manager Plus allows you to organize SSL certificates into various logical groups and execute actions in bulk on the groups.

11.1 Create Certificate Groups

To create a certificate group,

  1. Click the Certificate group icon in the top-right corner of the SSL >> Certificates tab.
  2. Click Add Group. You will be directed to the Add certificate group window. 
  3. Provide a name for the certificate group and an optional description. Excercise caution while providing the name since it cannot be changed later.
  4. You can choose certificates to be added to a group in 2 ways:
    1. By specific certificate - Select the certificates to be added to the group individually and click Save.
    2. By criteria - This serves as a dynamic method of grouping certificates. You will specify various criteria based on which the group will be created. Here, you can choose certificates based on various criteria such as issuer, common name, key algorithm, key size, key length etc., and filter the search in a fine-grained manner based on conditions such as "equals" or "does not equal", "contains" or "does not contain", "starts with" or "ends with". Click the Matching certificates button at the bottom-right corner to see the corresponding certificates. Click Save. The certificate group is created.

Note: If you choose to group certificates based on criteria, the conditions will be applied to certificates discovered in the future and they will automatically be added to groups that match the criteria.

SSL-certificate-group

11.2 Edit Certificate Groups

To make changes to existing certificate groups,

  1. Click the certificate group icon on the top-right corner of the SSL → Certificates tab.
  2. Click the edit icon present in the right corner of the table view.
  3. You can change the certificate selection type, edit the certificates present in a group or add, modify or delete the filters applied to a group.
  4. Once you update the changes and save them, a pop up message will be displayed confirming the updates.

Note: The certificate group name cannot be modified. However, you can add or modify the list of certificates in a group or the description.

SSL-certificate-group

11.3 Delete Certificate Groups

To delete a certificate group,

  1. Click the Certificate group icon on the top-right corner of the SSL → Certificates tab.
  2. Select the groups that you want to delete and Click Delete.
  3. A pop-up window will appear asking you to confirm the action. 
  4. Click Ok and the selected certificate groups will be deleted.