Future of ITSM report Future of ITSM report

What the future holds for corporate IT organizations and the people who work within them is an unknown. But, in the words of the man dubbed "the founder of modern management" Peter Drucker: "The best way to predict the future is to create it."

Thus, in Q2 2017, ITSM.tools and ManageEngine ran a global IT service management (ITSM) Future readiness survey to better understand what ITSM professionals were thinking and doing - asking ten questions related to the potential future challenges of ITSM and opportunities that they and their companies face. These questions were spread across five distinct areas:

  • Working in IT
  • The impact of politics on IT staffing
  • New technology
  • Best practice, and
  • Meeting service expectations.

With the ambition to avoid the more usual ITSM survey questions such as the current and planned level of ITIL process adoption or the inclination for ITSM tool replacement.

ITSM best practices

Greater detail on each of these can be found in the main body of this report. Details on the ITSM survey's promotion methods and respondents are included in the end notes.

ITSM Future readiness survey 2017 : Are you ready for the future of ITSM?

Working in IT

Working in IT can be a challenge no matter your role. The corporate mandate for IT departments to "do more with less" has been prevalent for at least a decade; with IT skills shortages, increasing technology and business complexity, security issues, and other things all adding to the challenge. So, is "IT life" getting harder? And how are the people working in IT recognized, and hopefully rewarded, for going the extra mile in their roles?

To get answers to these questions, the first IT Service management (ITSM) survey question asked:

Do you think working in corporate IT will get harder over the next three years?

This garnered the following responses:

Future of corporate IT employees

With a total of 82% of respondents believing that working in IT will get harder over the next three years. Only 15% of survey respondents didn't think that their life would get harder.

As to why there's a higher response for "Yes, for some IT roles" than "Yes, for all IT roles" - this might reflect that some IT roles are getting harder, or it might just be the very-human assumption that "the grass is always greener on the other side of the fence." With respondents thinking that they are in a particularly difficult role versus their peers.

For instance, service desk agents are usually under far greater scrutiny (and pressure) in terms of performance metrics and targets than most other, if not all, IT roles. Whereas in some areas, such as the management of legacy IT systems, roles might be viewed as being under less pressure and less likely to change.

The second question then asked:

Do you feel your personal efforts, and your value to the business, are sufficiently recognized by management?

This garnered the following responses:

IT employees are not recognized

One quarter of respondents felt that their efforts and value are sufficiently recognized by management. Leaving two in four people thinking that they do get recognized but not enough, and one in four thinking that they don't get recognized for their work; giving a total of 75% respondents who feel undervalued. This compares unfavorably with a recent US survey that showed 47% of workers feel underappreciated.

The Impact of Politics on IT Staffing

Immigration policies are increasingly playing a key role in political policies, and voting, globally. Examples of this include:

Hence, the survey posed two questions related to the potential effects that immigration barriers would have on IT recruitment. The questions were also posed in a manner such that the respondent could answer either on a personal level, as a job seeker, or alternatively as a recruiter of people.

The first staffing question asked:

Do you think the current local, and global, political climate is adversely affecting IT recruitment?

This garnered the following responses:

Impact of politics on IT staffing

Nearly two-thirds of respondents thought that the current local and global political climate is adversely affecting IT recruitment - with some roles seen as more affected than others.

The question was intended to understand the potential difficulties currently faced by people wanting to work in, or recruit from, other countries; but it's appreciated that it could also include responses related to the effect of government fiscal policies dampening economic growth and consequently the recruitment of new staff.

The follow-up staffing question asked:

Do you think the changing political climate will make the future recruitment of key IT staff difficult?

This garnered the following responses:

Future of IT staff recruitment

The above breakdown shows that the future recruitment of IT staff is more likely to be limited to certain geographies than a globally-impacting issue. But with nearly two-thirds of respondents expecting current and future political decisions to adversely affect the recruitment of key IT staff in at least some geographies, it's definitely an area in which corporate IT organizations need to plan for a change to the status quo.

New technologies

There's no denying that corporate IT is undergoing what has to be the most consistently-turbulent period of technology change, coupled with changing business expectations of IT services, service delivery, and support. Cloud has played, and continues to play, a big part in that change - potentially making it easier for organizations to buy/create, manage, and change business applications as needed.

The cloud technology is in some ways now taken for granted. Many of the early cloud issues - related to security and service availability - have now been replaced by those related to people, skills, and cloud management capabilities. And those who consume IT services aren't concerned about where their email is delivered from, their files are stored, or their music is streamed from. The cloud technology just works, and works well - that is until there's a high-profile cloud failure.

The timeliness of one particular high-profile cloud failure to this survey - which affected a number of popular consumer, as well as corporate, cloud services - was the basis for the survey's fifth question, which asked:

To your knowledge, did the February 2017 AWS S3 failure negatively affect your company's position on cloud?

This garnered the following responses:

AWS S3 impacts cloud

The ITSM survey responses were affirmation that people strongly believe in the benefits of public cloud services despite any high-profile failures reported in the media - only 8% of respondents felt that the Amazon failure had adversely affected their company's position on cloud. And while 24% of respondents stated that it got them "thinking about risks," this is a positive thing, and a timely reminder of who is ultimately responsible for IT service availability in cloud service models - the customer.

Do you believe the use of artificial intelligence will reduce IT staff numbers between now and 2020?

This garnered the following responses:

Impact of articifical intelligence on IT staff recruitment

So, in the main, the survey respondents don't see AI as a major threat to IT jobs - with only 15% of respondents viewing the adoption of the new capabilities as a serious job killer. In many ways, AI can be seen as the next evolution of automation, following data center automation, ITSM-process workflow automation, and orchestration. Adding "heavy thinking," especially through machine learning, to the existing "heavy lifting" benefits of more traditional automation.

ITSM Best practices

The evolution of ITSM best practice is an interesting area to investigate, with it subject to the pressures of both the changing IT and business landscapes plus the introduction of new, or increasingly popular, approaches to IT management and service delivery that include DevOps (including Lean and Agile), service integration and management (SIAM), business relationship management (BRM), enterprise service management, and IT4IT among others.

One could also argue that the impact of the growing adoption of cloud services on ITSM has been seen through two different, and opposed, lenses - with one school of thought being that ITSM is less relevant with cloud, and the other being that service management capabilities are now even more important. After all, cloud offers services that need to be managed.

The first best-practice focused question asked:

In your opinion, do you believe ITIL, and other ITSM best practice, have kept up with the changing business and technology landscapes?

This garnered the following responses:

ITSM future readiness survey report

Perhaps the most interesting results are that:

There's a need to do something though, as only 24% of respondents think that existing ITSM best practice has kept up with the changes happening around it. If you still think that this is high, then please remember that different people, in different organizations, have different needs.

For example, if an organization only needs to use ITSM best practice related to the IT service desk - incident management and service request fulfilment, say - then they're more likely to think that the currently-available best practice is sufficient than a different organization that is looking to understand how best to meet capacity management needs in a hybrid cloud environment, say.

The second best-practice question asked:

How involved have ITSM personnel been in your company's DevOps activities and ambitions?

This garnered the following responses:

ITSM staff working on DevOps activities

There's no escaping the growing popularity of DevOps, with the 2017 annual Puppet State of DevOps Report again highlighting almost unbelievable performance improvements for those organizations that are getting DevOps right. This includes that:

But as DevOps is about Development and IT Operations, and ITSM is part of the latter, it's disappointing - although not unexpected - to see that only 13% of respondents feel that ITSM personnel have been fully involved in their company's DevOps activities and ambitions. With 70% of respondents stating that there has been insufficient or no involvement.

Meeting Service Expectations

While the thing that the IT industry called the "consumerization of IT" shook up many, if not all, corporate IT organizations in terms of what corporate IT devices, apps, and cloud services should be like. The industry overlooked that consumerization is about so much more than just the IT. That, instead, consumerization is a far-wider-reaching phenomenon through which employee expectations of corporate services, service delivery, customer support, and customer experience are being influenced by their consumer-world experiences. The bottom line is that, as employees receive better services and support in their personal lives, they expect also more from corporate service providers such as IT, human resources (HR), and facilities.

The first service-expectations question asked:

How do you think your IT department is meeting employee expectations - across services, support, and customer service - versus consumer-world companies?

This garnered the following responses:

IT department service expectations

Interestingly, and surprisingly, 29% of respondents think that their IT department delivers better services, support, and customer service to employees than could be expected from consumer-world companies. This could, of course, be the case - that the companies the respondents work for deliver exemplar IT services and support. However, it could also be an indication of the continued disconnect between IT-employee perceptions of the services they provide and the growing expectations of employees - "the expectations gap."

Perhaps more expected is that 28% of respondents think that their companies offer a similar level of services, support, and customer service to consumer-world companies, with the highest score (40%) attributed to IT departments being behind the consumer-world.

The ITSM survey's tenth and final question asked:

Is your IT department ready to meet the expectations of the growing number of Millennial employees?

This garnered the following responses:

IT department readiness for consumerization

In many ways, this is also an indication of IT department readiness for consumerization, as the enhanced needs of Millennials have been built on their consumer-world experiences of technology and their access to information and services.

However, in conflict with the previous question, only 15% of respondents think that their IT department's capabilities are fully suited to the wants and needs of Millennials - with 77% of respondents thinking that there is still more to be done. This conflict raises a query as to why there's such a discrepancy, with possible causes being that respondents, and their companies:

Either way, it requires IT departments to better understand the needs of all end users and how well existing capabilities are meeting those needs.

Conclusion

Hopefully this paper, and the survey it's built on, has you thinking about many of the key challenges, plus of course the opportunities, that ITSM professionals are currently facing and will continue to face over the next three years.

Whether these challenges relate to the difficulties of working in IT, recruitment, the impact of new technologies, using best practices to better meet growing service expectations, or something else - we achieve more as an "ITSM community" when our concerns, issues, and solutions are shared.

So, use the information provided by ITSM and IT support membership organizations, ITSM services and tool providers, or ITSM content distributers to not only stay informed, but to also receive advice on how best to be ready for the future needs of IT service management (ITSM). Change is hard but don't make it even harder by failing to tap into publicly available help and advice.

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