Issues with the performance of business-critical applications can cause deterioration of an organization's business performance. Slow or not readily available applications that support key business processes can cause revenue loss, and decline in customer satisfaction, employee productivity or brand reputation.
Organizations in certain industry sectors are leveraging applications as revenue generating tools and experiencing more impact from problems with application performance than organizations from other industry sectors. Issues with the performance of applications in business-to-customer (B2C) environments could have more significant impact on business performance, as these applications are being used as revenue generating tools. Additionally, organizations are using these applications to communicate their value proposition to their customers and prospects, and issues with the performance of these applications could create problems with brand reputation.
Organizations in B2B and B2E environments find it difficult to calculate the business impact of performance issues
An organization's ability to calculate the impact of issues with application performance is directly affected by the proximity of the users of the application to the revenue source. Typically, organizations are more likely to have the ability to understand the business impact of applications that are being used in business-to-customer (B2C) environments. These applications are used as revenue generating tools, so organizations are more likely to invest resources in monitoring the performance of these applications as well as in performance optimization.
Organizations in B2C environments are experiencing revenue loss for each second of delay in application response times
Recent research studies indicated that organizations could lose significant part of their revenues due to only one additional second of delay beyond defined baselines for performance of their Web applications. The research shows that end-users would typically wait between 4 and 6 seconds for a page to open before they abandon a session and move on to the next website in their search. This impacts not only the organization's ability to sign up new customers, but also causes damage to how their current customers perceive their brand. Even if end-users do not abandon a session before a page opens, they are less likely to move closer to a check-out or registration page if the website is slower than what they expected.
Inability to calculate ROI from deployment of application performance management solutions
Many organizations still experience problems with application performance, mainly because they are not able to conduct cost-benefit analyses for investing in technology solutions that would allow them to resolve these issues. For these organizations it is clear what type of investments they need to make to optimize application performance, but they are not able to calculate lost opportunity cost from not making these investments. More importantly, they are struggling to come up with calculations of how much these investments would impact their bottom lines. For that reason, these organizations are not able to gather all the information that they need to understand what the return on investment in these solutions would be. As a result, they typically delay taking actions to improve application performance, which could cause deterioration of business metrics such as revenue growth, cost savings, and brand reputation.
An organization in a service industry heavily depends on their contact center employees to generate revenues and communicate with current customers. The contact center employees are using a Customer Relationship Management (CRM) application that is readily available to business users (98.9% average availability), but the application speed is not at the optimal level (average page load times are well beyond 30 seconds). Employees complained to their IT team about this problem, and the IT team determined that they need to take several actions in order to improve application performance both on the server and the network side. In order to make these improvements, the organization needed to make significant investments in application performance management technology solutions, and the Director of IT submitted a proposal to the CFO for approval. At the same time, the organization's customer retention rate was declining as well as the ability to up-sell services to current customers. The proposal was rejected for being too costly, and the IT team was asked to determine if problems with customer retention were related to the (lack of) speed of this application. The company had a solution in place for monitoring availability and speed of this application, and they had a sophisticated process in place for tracking customer satisfaction metrics, but they did not have a solution to help them correlate these two types of metrics. In order to address the issues with customer satisfaction, the organization conducted a series of interviews with their customer-facing employees; that is when they discovered that very often they were not able to complete calls with customers that were seeking support or the purchase of new services in timely manner, because customers couldn't wait several minutes for customer service representatives to retrieve the information necessary to serve them properly. This was anecdotal information, and the IT team still didn't have enough information to create a business case for investing in additional application performance management capabilities. However, this information allowed the organization to create a case for investing in additional capabilities to allow them to correlate application performance and business metrics.
Inability to map application usage to supported business processes
Many application performance management tools in use are successful in monitoring uptime and speed of applications, but they are typically ineffective in tying the performance of these applications into the business processes they are supporting. That is to say that organizations that are trying to improve the workflow of their business processes and to achieve operational efficiencies are not able to discover which of the inefficiencies they are experiencing are related to slow or not readily available applications being used to support these processes. One of the main goals of business process management is to improve employee productivity and accelerate workflows, but due to the inability to measure the business impact of application performance issues on these processes, organizations are often forced to make decisions about streamlining key business processes without being on possession of all necessary data.
Lack of visibility into quality of end-user experience
Organizations often evaluate the performance of business critical applications solely on the uptime and the average speed. However, these metrics do not paint an accurate picture of how applications are truly performing, because they report on the performance as measured from the perspective of IT departments as opposed to the perspective of business users. For example, the IT team may have compiled information showing that an application is performing with an of average of 6.7-second response times and, therefore draw a conclusion that there is no problem with this application's performance. However, end-users might be experiencing only 2 seconds of delay during certain times of the day but more than 15 seconds of delay during a peak times for using this application. Even though this type of performance during a peak time is not satisfactory for end-users and negatively impacts their productivity, their IT team is not aware of this problem. In order to resolve this disconnect between the IT department and business users, organizations need to deploy capabilities that allow them to measure application performance from the perspective of the end-user.
Inability to repair application performance issues in a timely manner
Recent research indicates that even though the majority of organizations have improved their ability to collect more network and application performance data, many of them are still not able to improve their ability to identify and resolve performance problems in timely manner. Organizations increasingly understand that they need to improve visibility into network and application performance, and they are deploying solutions that are designed to help them gather different types of performance data. However, even though many of these solutions allow them to collect large amounts of performance information, not all of these products collect information that is truly actionable. In order to be able to resolve performance issues in a timely manner, organizations need to deploy solutions that will allow them to gather the performance information that they truly need and to deliver this information to the right people at the time when they need it.
Capabilities needed to effectively address the top challenges
Ability to segment the delay in application response times into server, network, and application delay
Many organizations still do not have capabilities that will allow them to determine if their issues with application performance are caused by network, server or application related problems. Organizations are increasingly seeking to improve the quality of the end-user experience, but many of them are still unable to understand how issues with the speed of business-critical applications could be attributed to different parts of enterprise infrastructure. When IT teams deal with end-user complaints about application performance issues, they need to know what parts of the enterprise infrastructure are causing these problems. Having this information would allow them to identify the root causes of performance issues and make educated decisions about actions required to resolve performance problems in timely manner.
Ability to translate application performance metrics into business metrics such as page views, conversions, employee productivity, and customer satisfaction
Organizations need to bridge the gap between IT and the business metrics they are monitoring in evaluating application performance. Deploying executive dashboards that allow business executives to correlate IT metrics such as application availability, page load times, and application response times to business metrics such as revenue generation, conversion rates, page views, and customer satisfaction would enable organizations to calculate ROI from deploying application performance management solutions and make more educated decisions about investments that they need to make in optimizing key business processes.
Ability to measure application performance from a business user's perspective
Deploying this capability allows organizations to determine the business impact of application performance issues. Monitoring performance from the end-user's perspective allows organizations to determine the number of users that are being impacted by performance problems as well as to understand what locations and departments are being negatively impacted by the performance of business critical applications.
ManageEngine's capabilities for addressing top challenges
ManageEngine provides a solution for monitoring and troubleshooting application performance as well as evaluating performance from the end-users' perspective. This solution allows organizations to create a custom dashboard that can monitor performance from both an IT and a business perspective and correlate this information in order to understand the business impact of application performance issues. This capability allows organizations to bridge the visibility gap between IT departments and line-of-business (LoB) management and enables them to make educated business decisions about actions needed to prevent revenue loss and employee productivity losses. This solution also allows organizations to group different parts of the enterprise infrastructure into monitoring categories and to map part of the infrastructure to supported business processes.
ManageEngine's capabilities allow organizations to monitor the quality of the end-user experience by creating synthetic transactions and measuring application response times and end-user experience for each of these transactions. The solution also allows organizations to monitor different parts of their infrastructure (network, servers, databases, applications) through a single platform, making it easier for these organizations to identify the root causes of application performance issues and prevent problems before they impact business users.
Recommendations for action
In order manage application performance in a way that is consistent with their business goals, organizations need to take the following actions: