Java Runtime Monitors

Java Runtime Monitoring - Overview

Java Runtime Monitor provides out-of-the-box remote monitoring and management on the Java platform and of applications that run on it. It monitors performance metrics like Memory (JVM), Garbage Collection (GC) and Thread Statistics. Thresholds can be associated and alarms generated. Further, operations such as Automated Thread dump, Heap dump and PerformGC for management are also supported. The different JVM vendors supported by Applications Manager are Sun JVM, IBM JVM and Oracle JRockit JVM.

In this help document, you will learn how to get started with Java monitoring along with the list of parameters that are monitored using Applications Manager.

Creating a new Java Runtime monitor

Prerequisites for Java Runtime Monitor: Know more about the JVM arguments to add to your application for Java Runtime Monitoring

Using the REST API to add a new Java Runtine monitor: Click here

  1. Click New Monitor. Choose Java Runtime.
  2. Enter the IP Address or hostname of the host in which the Monitor is running.
  3. Enter the SubNetMask of the network.
  4. Provide the port number in which JDK is running (default: 1099). Also, you can provide multiple ports separated by commas.
  5. You can enter your own credential details or select preconfigured credentials details in Credentials Manager. If you wish to enter your own credentials, specify username and password details for this monitor.
  6. Enter the JNDI name. For example, /jmxrmi.
  7. To enable customized JMX URL, check the Enable JMX URL checkbox and enter the JMX URL. (The URL should be of the format service:jmx:rmi:///jndi/rmi://HOST:PORT/jmxrmi. For example, a jboss customized jmx URL can be - service:jmx:remoting-jmx://HOST:PORT/ and a websphere customized jmx URL - service:jmx:wsrmi://HOST:PORT/)
  8. If Authentication is enabled, enter the username and password.
  9. Enter the polling interval time in minutes.
  10. If you are adding a new monitor from an Admin Server, select a Managed Server.
  11. Choose the Monitor Group, to which you want to associate the Monitor (optional). You can choose multiple groups to associate your monitor.
  12. Click Add Monitor(s). This discovers the Monitors from the network and starts monitoring them.
  • Support is available for JRE1.5 and above for Java Runtime. Support for Heap dump operation is available if HotSpotDiagnostic MBean is present in the JVM.
  • Support given for JDK 1.8 : When monitoring with JDK 1.8 MetaSpace, Applications Manager monitors and displays new memory space called MetaSpace and Compressed Class Space instead of the former Permanent Generation (Non-Heap).
  • In case you are unable to add the monitor even after enabling JMX, try providing the below argument:

Monitored Parameters

  • Availability tab gives the availability history for the past 24 hours or 30 days.
  • Performance tab gives the health status and events for the past 24 hours or 30 days.
  • List view enables you to perform bulk admin configurations.

Java Runtime Monitor checks the availability, response time, connection time (time taken by the Applications Manager to look up the JMX agent on the remote JVM) of the monitor, along with many other parameters listed below.


Parameter Description
Monitor Information
Name Name of the JavaRuntime monitor.
Health Specifies the health (Clear, Warning, Critical) of the JavaRuntime monitor
Type Specifies the type you are monitoring.
Host Name Specifies the host at which the Java virtual machine is running.
Port Specifies the port number at which the Java virtual machine is running.
Host OS Specifies the OS of the host where the JavaRuntime monitor is running.
JVM Specifies the Java virtual machine name and version.
Vendor Specifies the Java virtual machine Vendor Name.
Processor Count Specifies the number of processors available to the Java virtual machine.
Last Polled at Specifies the time at which the last poll was performed.
Next Poll at Specifies the time at which the next poll is scheduled.
Availability Shows the current status of the JavaRuntime monitor - available or not available.
Connection Time Time taken to connect to the Java virtual machine.
Memory Pool
Eden Space (Heap Memory) The pool from which memory is initially allocated for most objects.
Survivor Space (Heap Memory) Pool containing objects that have survived GC of eden space.
Tenured Generation (Heap Memory) Pool containing objects that have existed for some time in the survivor space.
Java Heap Space where the JVM stores the objects.
Permanent Generation (Non-Heap) (for versions older than JDK 1.8) Holds all the reflective data of the virtual machine itself, such as class and method objects. With JVMs that use class data sharing, this generation is divided into read-only and read-write areas.
MetaSpace (for JDK 1.8) The Native memory space for the representation of class metadata is called Metaspace. MetaSpace use native memory to store meta-data and that grows automatically.
Compressed Class Space (for JDK 1.8) Compressed Class Space contains only class metadata.
Code Cache (Non-Heap) Memory used for compilation and storage of native code.
JIT Code Cache Memory that is converted to assembler and stored for running at higher speed.
Nursery Separate space for newly allocated objects.
Class Loading
Classes loaded Number of classes loaded
Classes Unloaded Number of classes unloaded
JVM Statistics
CPU Load Specifies the percentage of load on the machine caused by the JVM.
0 indicates no load is created and 100 indicates all load is created by the JVM
CPU Usage This indicates the CPU usage of the JVM on the server.
Max file descriptor Maximum permissible open file descriptor. Available only for UNIX.
Host Memory
Total Physical Memory Total amount of physical memory in Megabytes.
Free Physical Memory The amount of free physical memory in Megabytes.
Total Swap Space Total amount of swap space in Megabytes.
Committed Virtual Memory The amount of virtual memory that is guaranteed to be available to the running process in Megabytes.

Garbage Collection

Parameter Description
Garbage Collector
Time Spent/Min Approximate collection elapsed time in milliseconds.
Collections/Min Total number of collections that have occurred.
Thread Count Number of threads used for Garbage Collector.
Last Start Time Start time of this GC.
Last End Time End time of this GC.
Memory usage before GC Memory usage of all memory pools at the beginning of this GC.
Memory usage after GC Memory usage of all memory pools at the end of this GC.
GC time Time taken to perform garbage collection.
Compile time Time spent in just-in-time (JIT) compilation.


Parameter Description
Thread Parameters
Total threads started Total number of threads created and also started since the Java virtual machine started.
Peak Threads Peak live thread count since the Java virtual machine started or peak was reset.
Live Threads Number of live threads currently running.
Daemon Threads Number of daemon threads currently running.
Runnable Threads A thread executing in the Java virtual machine is in this state.
Blocked Threads A thread that is blocked waiting for a monitor lock is in this state.
Waiting Threads A thread that is waiting indefinitely for another thread to perform a particular action is in this state.
Timed waiting Threads A thread that is waiting for another thread to perform an action, for up to a specified waiting time is in this state.
Deadlocked Number of threads that are in deadlock waiting to acquire object monitors.


Parameter Description
Configuration Information
Uptime The uptime of the Java virtual machine.
Java Virtual Machine The Java virtual machine implementation name.
Vendor The Java virtual machine implementation vendor.
Process ID The process identifier is a number used by some operating system kernels to uniquely identify a process.
Name The name representing the running Java virtual machine.
VM arguments The input arguments passed to the Java virtual machine which does not include the arguments to the main method.
Class path The Java class path that is used by the system class loader to search for class files.
Library path The Java library path.
Boot class path The boot class path that is used by the bootstrap class loader to search for class files.
JIT compiler The name of the Just-in-time (JIT) compiler
Objects Pending for finalization The approximate number of objects for which finalization is pending.
Operating System The name of the operating system.
Architecture The operating system architecture.
Processors The number of processors available to the Java virtual machine.
Max Metaspace The maximum metaspace containing all other large class metadata including methods, bytecode ,constant pool etc.
Max non-heap Max Non Heap = Commit Non Heap + free Physical Memory.

Note: In case of Virtual Memory also, we consider only Free Physical Memory to calculate Max Metaspace value.

The table below lists the different JVM vendors supported by Applications Manager and the major parameters monitored by them.

Parameters Monitored Sun JVM IBM JVM JRockit JVM
Connection Time
Memory Usage
CPU Usage  
CPU Load    
System Memory
Process Memory
Heap Memory
Non Heap Memory
VM Statistics
Total Physical Memory  
Free Physical Memory  
Total Swap Space    
Free Swap Space    
Committed Virtual Memory    
Garbage Collector- Summary
Garbage Collector - View impact for specific collector    
Total Threads Started
Peak Threads
Live Threads
Runnable Threads
Blocked Threads
Waiting Threads
Timed Waiting Threads
Daemon Threads
Configuration Details
JVM Actions

View Thread Dump

There is an option to view the thread dump history under 'Threads' tab. Click the 'View Thread Dump' link in the threads tab. The Thread Dump screen will open up in a new window and you will be able to view the current thread dump details. Once you close this window, the thread dump details will be moved under the Thread Historysection. You can view this information any time you want from this section.


We provide the option to view both realtime and historical data of any of the attributes present in the 'Configuration Information' section in the Configuration tab. Click on any attribute under the Configuration tab. This will open up a new window named 'History Data' that provides more information about these attributes.

There are two tabs in the History Data window - History Report and Global View

History Report: This tab provides historical reports of the attribute selected based on time period chosen. You can also use the Select Attribute drop-down box and view reports for other attributes.

Global View: This tab displays the current values of the attribute selected, across multiple monitors. To view information about other attributes present in the monitor, use the Select Attribute drop-down box and change the attribute.

If you want to view data of multiple attributes, click the Customize Columns link present at the top left corner of the window. This will take you to the Edit Global Viewscreen. In this screen, you can change the monitor type using the Filter by Monitor Type drop-down box, select the metrics to be displayed, and show monitors on a monitor basis or a monitor group basis. After you select your options, click the Show Report button to view those information in the Global View tab.

Note: If jmx connection is not being established in the machine where Applications Manager is installed, use this key and restart your application:

Help Links for Reference