Data security definition
Data security is the practice of safeguarding digital information from destruction, exposure, and theft by adopting a series of IT security policies and procedures. Organizations store and process enormous amounts of data such as financial records, intellectual property, and customers' personal data. It's vital that all this information stays secure within the organization. Organizations also need to adhere to data security standards mandated by compliance regulations to help ensure data integrity, confidentiality, and availability.
The importance of data security
There are several reasons why data security is vital to an organization. The lack of stringent data security measures can cause severe legal and financial ramifications, such as:
Loss, leak, or exposure of sensitive information
Various data security measures including stringent access control measures, proactive threat hunting, and data integrity monitoring help ensure that sensitive personal data such as personally identifiable information (PII), electronic protected health information (ePHI), and payment card information (PCI) does not fall into the hands of malicious actors.
Several regulatory bodies mandate that sensitive data be handled and stored securely, and any failure to do so will result in the organization incurring huge fines, litigation fees, prolonged forensic analysis, and damage to its reputation.
Types of data security measures
An effective data security management strategy is vital to ensure the confidentiality and integrity of business-critical data. Some of the most common types of data security measures are:
|Data security methods||What you should do||How DataSecurity Plus helps|
|Access control||Regulate who can access what file based on their role in the organization.||Data access governance
Track accesses to sensitive personal data. Detect and respond to access anomalies instantly.
|Data auditing||Keep track of all file accesses and modifications. Ensure continuous audit trails to facilitate quick forensic investigation in case of a security breach.||File access auditing
Audit all file changes made across both local and shared network drives in real time.
|Incident response||Generate instant alerts and automate your threat response when spotting malicious file activities that might indicate potential attacks.||File integrity monitoring
Stay informed of all high-risk file activities that occur by generating e-notifications instantly.
Automated threat response
Shut down infected systems, disconnect rogue user sessions, and more using preconfigured scripts.
|Data risk assessment||Locate where sensitive personal data (PII, ePHI, and PCI) is present in your data stores and analyze its vulnerabilities.||Data risk assessment
Identify files containing sensitive personal data, its owners, and the risk associated with it.
|Malware protection||Protect your IT network assets from Trojans, worms, ransomware, malware, and other similar threats.||Ransomware detection
Detect and contain potential ransomware infections instantly by shutting down infected devices, disconnecting compromised users accounts from the network, and much more to prevent devastating data loss.
|Email security||Secure your email account and its contents from unauthorized access, misuse, and loss.||Data loss prevention
Restrict the movement of business-critical data via email attachments.
Use on-screen pop-ups to warn users about the risk involved in moving confidential data via email attachments.
|Endpoint security||Protect endpoint devices so that data is not lost through end-user devices like desktops and removable storage devices.||Data leak prevention (DLP)
Use predefined DLP policies to prevent unwarranted data transfers to USB devices, monitor file integrity, and more.
Restrict movement of business-critical data to USBs, email (Outlook), printers, and more.
|Data minimization||Purge redundant, outdated, and trivial (ROT) data and other junk data that is no longer in use to avoid data hoarding.||ROT data analysis
Find and manage old, stale, duplicate, orphaned, and non-business files to help optimize disk usage.
|Privilege management||Conduct routine checks to ensure the principle of least privilege is applied across your organization.||Permission analyzer
Generate periodic reports on share and NTFS permissions.