Configure DHCP server on Cisco devices

DHCP is widely used in LAN environments to dynamically assign host IP addresses from a centralized server, which significantly reduces the overhead of administration of IP addresses. DHCP also helps conserve the limited IP address space because IP addresses no longer need to be permanently assigned to hosts; only those hosts that are connected to the network consume IP addresses. The DHCP server assigns IP addresses from specified address pools on a router or router to DHCP clients and manages them.

In this article, you will learn how to configure Cisco Router as DHCP server using CLI and to update it on multiple devices simultaneously in NCM application using configlets. If you don't have NCM installed, please click here to download and install the application.

Steps to configure DHCP server through CLI.

  1. Login to the device using SSH / TELNET and go to enable mode.

  2. Go into the config mode.
    Router#configure terminal
    Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. 

  3. Exclude IP addresses from being assigned by DHCP by using the ip dhcp excluded-address FIRST_IP LAST_IP
    Router(config)#ip dhcp excluded-address

  4. Create a new DHCP pool with the ip dhcp pool NAME command
    Router(config)#ip dhcp pool Floor1DHCP

  5. Define a subnet that will be used to assign IP addresses to hosts with the network SUBNET SUBNET_MASK command.

  6. Define the default gateway with the default-router IP command

  7. Define the DNS server with the dns-server IP address command.

  8. Return to privilege config mode

  9. Enable DHCP server on the interface using service dhcp interface-type number command
    Router(config)#service dhcp vlan1

  10. Exit config mode

  11. To view information about the currently leased addresses, you can use the show ip dhcp binding command
    Router#show ip dhcp binding
    IP address Client-ID/ Lease expiration Type
    Hardware address 0060.5C2B.3DCC -- Automatic

    In the output above you can see that there is a single DHCP client that was assigned the IP address of Since we’ve excluded the IP addresses from the – range, the device got the first address available –

  12. To display information about the configured DHCP pools, you can use the show ip dhcp pool command
    Router#show ip dhcp pool
    Pool Floor1DHCP :
    Utilization mark (high/low) : 100 / 0
    Subnet size (first/next) : 0 / 0
    Total addresses : 254
    Leased addresses : 1
    Excluded addresses : 1
    Pending event : none

    1 subnet is currently in the pool
    Current index IP address range Leased/Excluded/Total - 1 / 1 / 254

    This command displays some important information about the DHCP pool(s) configured on the device – the pool name, total number of IP addresses, the number of leased and excluded addresses, subnet’s IP range, etc.

  13. Copy the running configuration into startup configuration using below command
    Router#write memory
    Building configuration... [OK]

Corresponding configlet can be created in NCM application as shown in below screenshot. 

Configure DHCP server on Cisco router

Also you can click the below button to download the Configlet as XML and import it into NCM application using file import option.

Configlet Name Configure DHCP Server Cisco
Description Script execution mode
Execution Mode This article is about how to configure Cisco Router as DHCP server using CLI and how to update on multiple devices simultaneously in NCM application using configlets.
Configlet Content

configure terminal
ip dhcp excluded-address $EXCLUDE_FIRST_IP $EXCLUDE_LAST_IP
ip dhcp pool $MY_POOL_NAME
default-router $DEFAULT_ROUTER_IP
dns-server $DNS_SERVER_IP
show ip dhcp binding
show ip dhcp pool
write memory